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Journal of Community Nursing (JCN) | December 2017

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Treatment interventions for bowel dysfunction: constipation - part two

Treatment interventions for bowel dysfunction: constipation - part two
Continence

Article topics: Conservative treatment, Constipation, Continence, Exercise, Fibre, Fluid intake

This two-part article aims to help healthcare professionals understand constipation; the possible causes, and the anatomical and functional problems. In the first part, the author explained anatomy and physiology of the lower gastrointestinal tract, what are normal bowel motions, frequency and variation, which includes the Bristol Stool Chart to view the types of bowel motions sufferers may often experience. Here, the focus is on conservative treatment interventions for constipation, exploring the four ‘Fs’ acronym (Rex, 2013): fibre (in diet); fluids (those best for health reasons); fitness (‘if you do not move, it will not move’); and finally feet, which relates to the best sitting position to help achieve bowel evacuation successfully.