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Journal of Community Nursing (JCN) | October 2021

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Catheter valves: appropriate use and reduction of risk to bladder

Catheter valves: appropriate use and reduction of risk to bladder
Catheter valves

Pages: 52 - 57

Article topics: Bladder, Indwelling catheters

Indwelling urinary catheters remain one of the most used clinically invasive devices in the UK, with approximately 90,000 people living in community settings in England currently using long-term urinary catheters. There has been a plethora of clinical evidence published demonstrating the risks of prolonged use of indwelling urinary catheters and the increased risk of significant infection, sepsis, and, in some cases, fatality. While the use of an indwelling urinary catheter is in some cases wholly justified and unavoidable, it is the responsibility of healthcare professionals to ensure that risks are mitigated/reduced wherever possible. Use of a catheter valve system may improve the chance of normal bladder function resuming following the removal of the catheter. It is a relatively simple intervention that can be managed by many patients and offers more discretion and dignity. Use of catheter valves should always reflect latest national guidance on best practice and be incorporated into local policy. This article explores some of the clinical evidence supporting the use of catheter valves and advice on best practice.

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